Treatment For Receding Gums

Before and Afters

When recession of the gingiva occurs, the body loses a natural defense against both bacterial penetration and trauma. When gum recession is a problem, gum reconstruction using grafting techniques is an option.

When there is only minor recession, some healthy gingiva often remains and protects the tooth, so that no treatment other than modifying home care practices is necessary. However, when recession reaches the mucosa, the first line of defense against bacterial penetration is lost.

In addition, gum recession often results in root sensitivity to hot and cold foods as well as an unsightly appearance of the gum and tooth. When significant, gum recession can predispose to worsening recession and expose the root surface, which is softer than enamel, leading to root caries and root gouging.

A gingival graft is designed to solve these problems. A thin piece of tissue is taken from the roof of the mouth or gently moved over from adjacent areas to provide a stable band of attached gingiva around the tooth. The gingival graft may be placed in such a way as to cover the exposed portion of the root.

The gingival graft procedure is highly predictable and results in a stable, healthy band of attached tissue around the tooth.

Connective Tissue Graft #3, #4, #5, & #6

Recession 4-5mm
Lack of Attached Gingiva
Thin Tissue
Root Sensitivity

Gain Root Coverage of 4-5mm
Gain of Attached Gingiva
Thicken Gingival Tissue
Decrease Root Sensitivity


Free Gingival Graft Teeth #24 & #25

Recession 4-5mm
0mm Attached Gingiva
Harmful Frenum Pull
Shallow Vestibule/Difficult Hygiene

Gain Root Coverage
Gain 3-4mm Attached Gingiva
Correct Frenum
Decreased Inflammation/Improved Hygiene


Severe Gingival Recession
Severe Attachment Loss
Difficult to Clean due to Shallow Vestibule
Harmful Frenum Pull

Gain 5mm Root Coverage
Gain 4mm Attached Gingiva
Correct Frenum Pull
Deepen Vestibule making it more Hygienice